Thai Tones, Consonants and Vowels in One Simple Post

Thai Consonant Map 2.0 Stuart Jay Raj_Page_1

Thai Consonant Map 2.0 Front

Thai Consonant Map 2.0 Stuart Jay Raj_Page_2

Thai Consonant Map 2.0 Back

I have been planning to get this post out for a long time. Just over a year back after I designed my Indic Consonant Compass and Glyphs, one of my Thai students Peter Griebel begin_of_the_skype_highlighting     end_of_the_skype_highlighting in Bangkok thought that he would put his Scandinavian design skills to work and developed a second chart initially for his own learning based on my full chart, but only focusing on Thai.

I love what he produced. In this one 2 page pdf document, you have the entire Thai consonant system, vowels, names of the letters and tone contour system. Not only that, through using my glyph system, you can see clearly WHY the consonants are the way they are. I.e.:

  • Why there are 3 Consonant Classes in Thai – How they came about
  • Why there are so many different letters for the same sounds in Thai
  • How the Tonal rules apply to the different classes
  • How the Thai sounds for the Indic Script based letters differ from the original sounds of the corresponding letters


I will post this up first and let you have a look over it. Be sure to read my earlier post on understanding the ‘glyphs’ that I developed to explain sounds and the positions of the mouth.

Here is an overview of the ‘glyph’ images. Be sure to read up on them in my previous post:

Jazz Lessons on Language – Improvisation 101 – Stuart Jay Raj’s Indic Script Compass

Stuart Jay Raj Indic Compass Glyphs

Stuart Jay Raj's Glyph Symbols


I’ll be back soon to give you a detail description of how to use this chart to accelerate your learning and understanding of the Thai writing system! :

Stuart Jay Raj is a polyglot who specializes in the languages and dialects spoken in South East Asia and China. His talents have allowed him to earn a professional living as a simultaneous interpreter in Thai, Mandarin, Cantonese, and Indonesian, among others, providing language and cultural training for multinational companies in the region and hosting his own TV programme on Thailand's Channel 5. He holds a degree in Cognitive and Applied Linguistics from Griffith University and has become an expert in the field of language acquisition with a strong track record of success. Stuart's background knowledge of Sanskrit, Khmer, Lao and various Chinese dialects and minority languages enables him to present a fascinating and unique perspective on the Thai language which makes everything fall logically into place.
  • Patrick

    Hello Stuart, the download is not working. It’s leading up to a 404 page (after the click on the downloadbutton). Would be nice to have the map 🙂

    • admin

      Sorry Patrick … I’ve just fixed it. If you click on the image, it will take you to the file directly without going through the download manager. I’m just getting the bugs out of the download plugin now. Sorry about that!

  • Is there a reason why ฬ and ฮ are missing in the PDF? Also, the obsolete letters ฅ and ฃ, as well as the unused vowels ฦ and ฦๅ, and the not-uncommon ฤ with its hardly-used brother ฤๅ are not in there … it does say the *entire* system after all 🙂

    • admin

      There is a reason Scott.. I’ll be going into it in my next post. When I’m teaching both this and my Mindcraft programme, symmetry is very important for the initial embedding of the information. I left the obsolete characters out because they’re obsolete. I usually cover them once the gyst of the initial table is learned. The’re introduced as’cousins’ of ข ค etc. ฮ ‘s story is a little different. As for ฤ, when I was putting this together, I will include it on the new version with a short explanation. I avoided it in this chart as I tried to keep it as ‘regular’ as possible for initial learners.

  • Josh

    That is awesome!! You are incresible Stu! Wow…wish I knew you :L keep up the good work…oh, another thought…Imagine if you were a school teacher- revolution!!

    • admin

      Thanks Josh,
      Hopefully some of the stuff that happens here can spark new stuff in the school-system too 🙂

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  • Nice post and this post helped me alot in my college assignement. Thanks you on your information.

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